ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Umiam, Meghalaya

The ICAR Research Complex for North Eastern Hill Region (ICAR RC NEH) was established on 9th January, 1975 under the aegis of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR). This is the first of its kind set up by ICAR, which encompasses all the disciplines of agriculture, horticulture, animal sciences, agricultural engineering, agroforestry, fishery and social sciences to cater to the research needs of the tribal areas of NEH Region including Sikkim. The headquarter (HQ) of the institute is located in Meghalaya (Barapani), while its regional centres are located at Basar (Arunachal Pradesh), Imphal (Manipur), Kolasib (Mizoram), Jharnapani (Nagaland), Lembucherra (Tripura) and Gangtok (Sikkim). The institute has 15 Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) attached to different centres and HQ for providing on/off campus training to the practising farmers, school dropouts and farm women in the field of agriculture and allied sectors. Considering the entire NEH Region as one unit, the research centres have been so located as to represent the varying altitudes (60-1800 m above msl) and agro-climates of the region.The research findings of the institute at different centres can thus be utilized for specific altitudinal range and agro-climatic conditions in component states.
The idea to establish an ICAR Institute in the North Eastern Hill region was conceived at a seminar on ‘Research and Training Needs in Agriculture and Animal Husbandry of the North East Himalayan Region’ organized by ICAR at the Central Library Hall, Shillong from 23rd to 26th October, 1973 under the Chairmanship of Dr. M.S. Swaminathana, the then Director-General, ICAR, New Delhi. The seminar was inaugurated by the then Union Minister of Agriculture, Late Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed and was attended by distinguished delegates from all over India. During the deliberations, the potentials as well as the long-felt need for research and development of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Fisheries in the North-Eastern Hill Region were highlighted. The Government of India accepted the recommendations of the seminar and taken up a project to establish Agriculture and Animal Science Research Centres in North Eastern states. The project successfully came out in the form of the ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region under Vth Fiver Year Plan, when Dr. D.N. Borthakur joined as the first Project Director. Initially the ICAR RC NEH Headquarter started functioning at private buildings in Shillong provided by State Government. The offices-cum laboratory building of the institute were shifted to the new building at Barapani and started functioning from 1992.
 Development of alternative farming systems to replace the practice of jhuming.
 Making up the gap in the food needs of different States/U.T. by introducing improved and adaptable varieties of crops; efficient management of soil, water and pests and increasing the animal production by adopting scientific system.
 Increasing the rural income and employment through developing high-value low-volume reduce/products that can be sold at a competitive advantage outside the region.
 To improve and develop sustainable farming systems for different agro-climatic and socio- economic conditions of the region.
 To improve crops, livestock, fishery and to impart training for development of local competence for management of resources to enhance agricultural productivity.
 To maintain, analyse and project data base resources for perspective planning.
 To collaborate with the state departments of the region for testing and promotion of improved farming technologies.
 To act as a repository of information on different farming systems of the region.
 To collaborate with national and international agencies in achieving the above objectives.
 To provide consultancy.
 To research on organic agriculture.
 To develop local human resources through post graduate teaching and research.